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    2021/12/30 17:18:47 来源:官网信息 阅读:28 发布者:


    Manuscript Submission

    Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.


    Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.

    Online Submission

    Please follow the hyperlink “Submit manuscript” on the right and upload all of your manuscript files following the instructions given on the screen.

    Please ensure you provide all relevant editable source files. Failing to submit these source files might cause unnecessary delays in the review and production process.

    Publication Fees

    There are no fees to submit or publish unless an author chooses to publish an article with color figures in print or if an author chooses to publish Open Access.

    Title Page

    Please make sure your title page contains the following information.


    The title should be concise and informative.

    Author information

    The name(s) of the author(s)

    The affiliation(s) of the author(s), i.e. institution, (department), city, (state), country

    A clear indication and an active e-mail address of the corresponding author

    If available, the 16-digit ORCID of the author(s)

    If address information is provided with the affiliation(s) it will also be published.

    For authors that are (temporarily) unaffiliated we will only capture their city and country of residence, not their e-mail address unless specifically requested.


    Please provide an abstract of 150 to 250 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.

    For life science journals only (when applicable)

    Trial registration number and date of registration for prospectively registered trials

    Trial registration number and date of registration, followed by “retrospectively registered”, for retrospectively registered trials


    Please provide 4 to 6 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes.

    Statements and Declarations

    The following statements should be included under the heading "Statements and Declarations" for inclusion in the published paper. Please note that submissions that do not include relevant declarations will be returned as incomplete.

    Competing Interests: Authors are required to disclose financial or non-financial interests that are directly or indirectly related to the work submitted for publication. Please refer to “Competing Interests and Funding” below for more information on how to complete this section.

    Please see the relevant sections in the submission guidelines for further information as well as various examples of wording. Please revise/customize the sample statements according to your own needs.


    Text Formatting

    Manuscripts should be submitted in Word.

    Use a normal, plain font (e.g., 10-point Times Roman) for text.

    Use italics for emphasis.

    Use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages.

    Do not use field functions.

    Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.

    Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables.

    Use the equation editor or MathType for equations.

    Save your file in docx format (Word 2007 or higher) or doc format (older Word versions).

    Manuscripts with mathematical content can also be submitted in LaTeX. We recommend using Springer Nature’s LaTeX template.


    Please use no more than three levels of displayed headings.


    Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.


    Footnotes can be used to give additional information, which may include the citation of a reference included in the reference list. They should not consist solely of a reference citation, and they should never include the bibliographic details of a reference. They should also not contain any figures or tables.

    Footnotes to the text are numbered consecutively; those to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data). Footnotes to the title or the authors of the article are not given reference symbols.

    Always use footnotes instead of endnotes.

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